Teorías de conspiración

En redacció, en edició


CT i política

CT i psicologia

CT, Miguel Bosé, Bill Gates, vacunas 5G, y Cañizares y los fetos

Als Estats Units, però es pot extrapolar, partidistes, demòcrates i republicans per igual, i els seus mitjans i gabinets de comuncació, i businessmen i líders espirituals, recolzen les #ConspiracyTheory que difamen a l'altre partit, o competidor, i les defensades pels seus líders, polítics i ideològics (https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2020/05/05/coronavirus-conspiracy-theories-pandemic/ ). A Alemània, també s'ha vist el creixement del 'Populisme pandèmic', de ConspiracyTheory. Investigadors de la @WWU_Muenster han estudiat com funcionen les teories conspiratives de la dreta durant la pandèmia. Van examinar durant 3 mesos 120.000 publicacions de Facebook, de diversos mitjans de comunicació alemanys. Al costat de la cobertura de diaris i emissores establertes, també hi va haver un augment del nombre de publicacions en mitjans ‘alternatius' de la dreta que volen diferenciar-se de mitjans establerts i l'èlit política. Els ‘mitjans alternatius’ informen sobre els mateixos fets, verificables, però engreixen aquests informes amb especulacions com la que el virus es va produir en un laboratori, o que és menys perillós del que els informes expliquen. Difonen els missatges de manera subtil en una estratègia de comunicació aparentment inofensiva. Els informes falsos-de-forma-òbvia no s'ajusten a aquest enfocament'. Els científics li diuen a aquesta estratègia 'populisme pandèmic'. Els teòrics de la #ConspiracyTheory barregen pandèmia amb temes ja clàssics: canvi climàtic,..., els problemes de refugiats i les fantasies del dia del judici final combinades amb el coronavirus (https://www.dw.com/en/pandemic-populism-germany-sees-rise-in-conspiracy-theories/a-53240063).


CT i psicologia


A ABCnews, l'autor d'un article recull l'opinió del Dr. Goldwater sobre com conversar sobre aquest tema ( How to have a conversation with a conspiracy theorist)

Aquí el periodista ha notat que aquest és untema incòmode, i mostra l'opinió d'un academic dr+++++**Un resum molt simple: empatia, fins i tot si et molesta veure persones compartir informació perquè desinforma i pot fer mal. La por, la preocupació, pot portar a fer-ho. Pot resultar enotjós, i si valores la relació amb l'altre: surt de la conversa. Sortir d'una conversa (o lectura), és una cosa que valoro. I si no pots perquè aquesta interessa, i pots aportar cosas, valora més possibilitats, com què hi ha rere la creença de l'altre, Fer això també serà útil per les persones que les defensen en una conversa.


****Creure en CT és



"Es realmente importante entender por qué la persona piensa de la manera que lo hace", dice Shaw.


A veces, creer en una teoría de la conspiración es el resultado de una preocupación con la que te puedes identificar.


Podría ser que tengan miedo de una enfermedad, por ejemplo, y al mantener la curiosidad y continuar haciendo preguntas, podrían descubrirlo, dice Shaw.


Si te enfocas únicamente en la teoría de la conspiración, dice ella, podrías volverte despectivo ".


ABC Life: How to have a conversation with a conspiracy theorist

" ... The best way to have a conversation with a conspiracy theorist


Misinformation can be harmful, so it's understandable that it might upset you to see someone you know sharing conspiracy posts on social media.


But at their core, they're driven by fear, says Dr Goldwater, so a little empathy can go a long way.


Here are some things you can do:


Try avoiding the subject all together


Elisabeth Shaw, who is the CEO of Relationships Australia NSW, says debating conspiracy theories can be an infuriating dead-end.


"If you strongly disagree with someone but value the relationship, sometimes the best thing you can do is to get out of the content of the debate," Ms Shaw says.


Trying to convince a friend they might have got it wrong is futile.


"A core idea of conspiracy theories is there are people conspiring to cover up evidence," Dr Klein says.


So that means anything other than believing in a conspiracy, is part of the conspiracy.


Which means any evidence we could hope to present is rejected or lacks credibility in the eyes of our friends.


"Once someone has become that entrenched, it becomes very hard to present any kind of evidence," Dr Klein says.


Don't immediately dismiss


If the subject does come up, you could try to dig a little deeper into what's going on behind that belief.


"It's really important to understand why the person thinks the way they do," Ms Shaw says.


Sometimes, a belief in a conspiracy theory is a result of a concern that may be you can relate to.


It could be that they're afraid of an illness, for example, and by staying curious and continuing to ask questions you might just uncover that, Ms Shaw says.


If you solely focus on the conspiracy theory, she says, you might just become dismissive."

Teories de la conspiració

CT, Miguel Bosé, Bill Gates, vacunas 5G, y Cañizares y los fetos

https://maldita.es/malditaciencia/2020/06/15/miguel-bose-gavi-fundacion-bill-y-melinda-gates-componentes-vacunas/

El bulo del cardenal Cañizares sobre la vacuna contra la covid-19: "Se está haciendo a base de fetos abortados"

https://www.publico.es/sociedad/bulo-cardenal-canizares-vacuna-covid-19-haciendo-base-fetos-abortados.html



Darrere les investigacions científiques, dades no científiques:

vitD, darrereuna empresa que fabricavitD.

BBC: What we can learn from conspiracy theories

"From political upheavals to anxieties about sex, technology and women, it turns out conspiracy theories can tell us a lot about what’s going on in our societies – and how to fix them."

https://youtu.be/2SNpVRdD37c

El dr sap de què parla i sap què vol dir. Ajuda a relativitzar, però és que a mi no em cal això. Es pot seguir bé, però a mi m’ha costat perquè vull processar cada cosa. Molts entendran que els virus VIH o el Covid-19, o el SARS no existeixen, perquè no es van seqüenciar. La grip tampoc? La paraula síntesi s’utilitza una vegada, sense aclarir el què volem saber. I no hi ha cites amb què reforçar la teoria, YouTube o instagram... no ho permeten, i es queda la credibilitat que se li dóna al principi, i que la té... I llavors ja tot està clar i és veritat. Hi ha predisposició. Que les eines de mesura Elisa, pcrs i tal no ho fan bé a causa de la biocomplexitat (i bioquimica-complexitat), i això (la lectura, què es mesura) es pot manipular... ok bien sur: els exosomes, gràcies dr per aclarir i posar l’accent que hi ha minis RNA i DNA i fragments a trillions, al cos, això sí que és un aprenentatge important pr mi. I que el placebo és potent... sí, bravo! Però l’exagera una mica. I tot l’aspecte, que alguns esperem, de qui (d’acord, Gallo, i Montaigner...) i amb quins suports, amb quina motivació, quin és el contuberni, si us plau. Si no...


Un amiga dice que vamos a a xtinción. Yole digo, es evolución,y añao aquí, la epigenética nos ha eseñado cosa, entre tras lainterción entre las dos irecciones de genes, y medio.

What we can learn from conspiracy theories

"From political upheavals to anxieties about sex, technology and women, it turns out conspiracy theories can tell us a lot about what’s going on in our societies – and how to fix them."


"In 331 BC, something was wrong with Rome. Across the city, swathes of eminent men were succumbing to sickness, and practically all of them were dying. The losses were as baffling as they were alarming.


Then one day, a slave approached a curule aedile – a kind of magistrate – and hinted that she might know why. The girl led a team of investigators to various houses, where she claimed they would find an alliance of upper-class women secretly preparing poisons. They did.


The accused were dragged to the central square, and asked to prove their innocence. Since they claimed their concoctions were medicinal, would they drink them?


Alas, two of the suspects obliged – and promptly dropped dead. Mass arrests followed, and a further 170 women were found to be involved. The incident was a huge scandal. In the aftermath, the people of Rome elected a dedicated official to perform a ritual banishment of evil, a tactic which had previously only been used as a last resort after extreme civil unrest.


Or, at least, this is the version of events that was dutifully recorded by the respected historian Livy, who was born a few hundred years later. But he wasn’t convinced that the women were really responsible, and neither are modern-day experts. Instead, Livy pointed to a far more rational explanation: an epidemic.


At the time, the city was in the grip of an unknown plague – a common cause of death in the classical world. Mass poisonings, on the other hand, were unheard of. The case discussed by Livy was the first of its kind, and the whole affair had struck Roman citizens as distinctly odd.


In fact, the women probably really were preparing medicines – and the rest of the story was heavily embellished or entirely made up. The infamous poisonings of 331 BC are thought to be a conspiracy theory, to explain deaths that had an obvious cause all along.


Amid the current pandemic, this scenario is oddly familiar. Since the beginning of April, at least 77 phone masts and 40 engineers have been attacked in the UK, after some people bought into the erroneous idea that Covid-19 is somehow being spread by powerful forces in the global telecommunications industry. Now the rumour has spread to the US, where there are fears it may lead to further violence. Yet again, reason is being cast aside, in favour of a niche explanation that involves a convoluted secret plot. (Find out why 5G is not responsible for transmitting Covid-19.)


The question is, why did these alternative stories catch on?


From alien lizard rulers to shark attacks instigated by spies and elaborate multi-billion-dollar hoaxes, the menagerie of conspiracy theories in existence is so bizarre, the reasons some take off – and others vanish without a trace – may seem almost random. There’s even a conspiracy theory about how conspiracy theories were invented (in keeping with the standard conspiracy formula, the CIA were allegedly involved).


But there are patterns hidden in their strangeness. The latest thinking suggests that conspiracy theories are filtered by a kind of natural selection, which allows those that fit certain requirements to spread rapidly through our societies – while others are confined to the darkest corners of the internet.


What makes a conspiracy appealing to the masses? And is there anything they can teach us about the problems we face – and how to fix them?"


Teories de conspiració

Estan al carrer. I sobretot a les xarxes socials. Com saltaran al carrer, a veure. I se’n parla, poc o molt, de forma freda o en calent, i s’analitzen, i això convé. Però no prou.


Estan al carrer. No, a les xarxes socials. Com saltaran al carrer, a veure. I se’n parla, poc o molt, de forma freda o en calent, i s’analitzen, i això convé. Se ha comparado la emrgeniasanitaria Covid-19 con la gripe española, pero qué serà la gripe española apricipios del sXXI y no el los 1900. Una gripe en una coyntura de gobalizacion,internet, más conocimiento, y nuevas herraminentas ara desinformar. Ete objetivo no esnuevo, però la coynutura si lo es.


Contrapuntos

Talnos exlica que ‘xxxxx’

Teorías conspirativas y visión desconfiada (crítica)… ¿Por qué no?


https://www.alainet.org/es/articulo/206737



Maldito Bulo


There’s a conspiracy theory that the CIA invented the term ‘conspiracy theory’ – here’s why

" ... As a search on Google Books quickly reveals, the term “conspiracy theory” emerged around 1870 and began to be more frequently used during the 1950s. Even die-hard conspiracy theorists have a hard time trying to ignore this. Second, the more moderate version received a big boost in popularity a few years ago when American political scientist Lance DeHaven-Smith propagated it in a book published by a renowned university press."


Existe una teoría de la conspiración según la cual la CIA inventó el término "teoría de la conspiración". He aquí por qué.

"... Como revela rápidamente una búsqueda en Google Books, el término" teoría de la conspiración "surgió alrededor de 1870 y comenzó a usarse con más frecuencia durante la década de 1950. Incluso los teóricos de la conspiración acérrimos tienen dificultades para ignorar esto. Segundo, la versión más moderada recibió un gran impulso en popularidad hace unos años cuando el politólogo estadounidense Lance DeHaven-Smith la propagó en un libro publicado por una reconocida prensa universitaria ".


There’s a conspiracy theory that the CIA invented the term ‘conspiracy theory’ – here’s why

" ... As a search on Google Books quickly reveals, the term “conspiracy theory” emerged around 1870 and began to be more frequently used during the 1950s. Even die-hard conspiracy theorists have a hard time trying to ignore this. Second, the more moderate version received a big boost in popularity a few years ago when American political scientist Lance DeHaven-Smith propagated it in a book published by a renowned university press.

https://theconversation.com/theres-a-conspiracy-theory-that-the-cia-invented-the-term-conspiracy-theory-heres-why-132117




Una xarxa

de #ConspiracyTheory #5G el relacionen amb #coronavirus i venen un USB protector-350$. Es va viralitzar un vídeo -ja eliminat – de l’activista anti-5G Mark Steele per l'ultradretà #UKIP #conspiracy #5GCoronavirus #hoax dubtes si #5GKILLS


https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/ryanhatesthis/coronavirus-5g-conspiracy-profit


Josep Marín

@josepv_m

·

26 d’abr.

1/5 #Teories #conspiratives. Perquè de les teories de la #conspiració del #virus, i perquè importa. Malvats que no es veuen. #Teràpies top-secret. A la recerca de tranquil·lització durant la #pandèmia, molta gent empitjora més que la seva pròpia #ansietat.

2/5 Allau de #teories de la #conspiració, #desinformació i #propaganda, erosionant la confiança pública i minvant als agents de salut, de forma que podria allargar, i fins i tot sobreviure a la #pandèmia.. #Guerra bacteriològica. Invenció partidista. #Trama per ’enginyeritzar’...


3/5 #Teories que semblen donar a una #tragèdia sense sentit algun grau de significat, ni que sigui molt fosc. Rumors de cures #secreteslleixiu diluït, apagar l'electrònica, els plàtans... el #coneixement #prohibit ofereix sensacions de #seguretat i #control en la #crisi mundial.


4/5 I #compartir aquest ‘#coneixement’ pot donar a les persones una cosa difícil de trobar amb setmanes de bloqueigs i morts: un sentit d’acció. Els #rumors i les afirmacions poc creïbles s’escampen entre persones amb les facultats crítiques que simplement han estat desbordades.


5/5 Desbordades per sentiments de confusió i desemparament. I també governs que promouen afirmacions #falses per ocultar els seus fracassos i tenir benefici polític. Porten un missatge comú: l'única protecció ve de la possessió de veritats secretes que ‘no volen que ho escolteu’.

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/08/world/europe/coronavirus-conspiracy-theories.html



El #Covid19 provoca ressorgir libels, com el dels jueus a França massacrats el XIV durant la pesta negra. Aquesta teoria de la conspiració no s'ha manifestat àmpliament en segles. S'està revifant aquesta soca d'#antisemitisme a #France, via

@TimesofIsrael

https://www.timesofisrael.com/anti-semitic-conspiracy-theories-an-odious-symptom-of-frances-virus-crisis/





Audio penjar a sylvaner

Pretensiosament, moltes coses que sabíem, intuíem. Excel·lent àudio, ben argumentat, precís. No té la intenció de provocar alarma, sí la consciència, la participació, la voluntat de contrastar, de destriar. De no ser conformistes, de preguntar-se. Las n



NOTÍCIES DE FAKE COVID-19: què tenen en comú un lluitador professional francès, un polític italià i una revista alemanya d'extrema dreta? Tots ells van compartir informació desinformada sobre la pandèmia mundial dels seus milers de seguidors de Twitter, segons un informe publicat aquest matí per la companyia d’analítica de dades NewsGuard. Mark Scott es va fer càrrec d'una còpia inicial i va escriure per denunciar que a França, Alemanya i Itàlia, la companyia va trobar 16 comptes de Twitter amb un total de més de 600.000 persones que van compartir o promoure falsitats coronavirus. Més aquí

https://www.politico.eu/article/covid-19-coronavirus-twitter-misinformation-germany-italy-france/


South China Morning Post: Coronavirus conspiracy theories about mind control chips, Bill Gates and face masks fuel lockdown protests in Germany

"A celebrity cook who called the coronavirus a government trick to plant mind control chips into Germans under the guise of vaccinations was hauled away by police from an unlawful demonstration in front of the parliament building. A pop star attacked face mask requirements and demanded evidence that Covid-19 really exists, while a leading Roman Catholic Cardinal in Germany added his name to a letter claiming the pandemic was a pretext to create a global government.


Prominent supporters of conspiracy theories are focusing on the Covid-19 shutdown that has crippled economies around the world, with angry protests against government-imposed limits on freedoms erupting across the country in the past week, despite rules banning such gatherings.


Police and journalists have also been injured in spasms of violent outbursts at the at-times unruly demonstrations. There are growing fears that the eclectic groups could exacerbate doubts about democracy in Germany by capitalising on the turmoil of the coronavirus."




Washington Post: Facebook and other companies remove viral 'Plandemic' conspiracy video

"Social media companies including YouTube, Vimeo and Facebook are removing a viral conspiracy theory video because of its claims regarding the coronavirus pandemic.


The roughly 26-minute video was presented as an extremely long "trailer" for a full-length film titled "Plandemic," and features an extended interview with Judy Mikovits, a well-known figure in the anti-vaccine movement, who has made various discredited claims about the effects of vaccines.


A YouTube spokesperson said the company removes "content that includes medically unsubstantiated diagnostic advice for covid-19," which includes the "Plandemic" video.A rep for Facebook said, "Suggesting that wearing a mask can make you sick could lead to imminent harm, so we're removing the video."


A Vimeo spokesperson said the company 'stands firm in keeping our platform safe from content that spreads harmful and misleading health information. The video in question has been removed by our Trust & Safety team for violating these very policies.'"


Bradenton Herald: Federal court bans Bradenton ‘church’ from selling bleach as miracle COVID-19 cure

"A Bradenton organization that peddles drinking industrial-grade bleach as a cure for 95 percent of the world’s known illnesses, including HIV/AIDS, autism, Alzheimer’s, leukemia, and most recently, COVID-19, was openly defiant after a federal court issued a temporary restraining order on the sale of its products.


“We are doing good, so we have no fear of you AND you still have NO authority in our Church or its practices,” wrote Mark Grenon, leader of Genesis II Church of Health and Healing, in an email addressed to U.S. District Judge Kathleen M. Williams on April 24.


Grenon, who said he has written President Donald Trump about his product, also told the judge to cancel all orders against the organization.


Now the federal judge has issued a preliminary injunction that extends a ban on the organization from distributing its MMS product, also known as “Master” or “Miracle Mineral Solution.”


“The Court finds that the United States has shown a cognizable danger that Defendants will continue to violate the FDCA in the future unless a preliminary injunction is issued,” Judge Williams stated in her May 1 order.


The court filings name Genesis II and its leader Mark Grenon, as well as Joseph Grenon, Jordan Grenon and Jonathan Grenon as defendants. All four individuals have been identified as “bishops” of Genesis II on the organization’s website, with Mark Grenon sometimes referred to as “archbishop.”


Mark Grenon claims to have founded Genesis II in 2010 with Jim Humble, a former Scientologist who began promoting the supposed health benefits of MMS as early as 2006 in self-published works. A website operated in Humble’s name says that he discovered the uses of the active ingredient in MMS “while on a gold mining expedition in South America.”


Another post on the site claims that Humble “retired” from Genesis II in 2017 and left the organization “in the hands of Mark Grenon.”


“It is important to note that MMS does not cure disease,” the website also says."





Twits


Després està la teoria del shock, quan la ciència i la història + política i altres disciplines superen la ciència-ficció. En parlen, perexemle xxxi Naomi Klein. A sotmetre a anàlisi. Però això és una altrahistòria



https://www.alainet.org/es/articulo/206525

Conspiracionismo en tiempos de cuarentena

Andrés Kogan Valderrama